The Scots
We read in the Roman accounts that before the end of the fourth century, when the Twentieth Legion had been withdrawn from Chester and the fort of Caernarvon had been evacuated, Scots from Ireland were taking advantage of the situation to settle in Wales.  The settled in Pembrokeshire, the Gower peninsula, and in the Lleyn peninsula of Caernarvonshire.  It is reasonable to suppose that the rest of their compatriots were descending on Scotland with like purpose at the same time, although it cannot be said that such arrivals were in accordance with a general plan.  The settlements in Wales did not remain independent but in Scotland, albeit almost a hundred years later, there was a powerful Scottish presence in Argyll, the kingdom of Dalriada.  The Scots of Argyll, Gaelic speaking, took the name of their kingdom from their homeland in Antrium in Northern Ireland.  In 500 the connection with Ireland was strong; Domangart, son of Fergus, son of Erc, king of the Scots of Irish Dalriada was also king of the Scots of Argyll.  The tradition of the link with Fergus, son of Erc, and the value of a close relationship with Ireland were important to the Scots of Dalriada as they strove to hold on to their territory on the west coast of Scotland.  As late as the ninth century, they were able to call on the aid of the Irish in their wars with the Picts, although the two kingdoms had long been distinguished as Irish and Scottish Dalraida.


From "A Travelers History of Scotland" by Andrew Fisher, published by Interlink Books, NY
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